How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?

How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?

What are periodontal diseases?

The Periodontal diseases are infections caused in the gums and structure around the teeth but not in the teeth. They could also develop in alveolar bone or periodontal ligament. The first stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis which shows signs such as:

  • Swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Gum recession
  • Sensitive teeth

Phases of treatment

The periodontal disease is treated in 3 phases

Phase I: The etiological phase

This is the phase where the objective is to control the infection and restore the healthy microbiota. The dentist will also try to resolve the root cause of the problem. You can also expect procedures such as root planning and scaling.

Phase II: The surgical phase

You will move into this phase if the pockets of infection are very deep to be cleaned. Surgery may include leveling the shallow bone defects. The surgery helps in eliminating the room for bacteria and plaque. The surgery can be done under general anesthesia and no pain is felt during the procedure.

Phase III: The maintenance phase

The maintenance phase is all about preventing the periodontal disease from returning. The dentist will guide you about oral hygiene practice after procedure.

Treatment options for periodontal disease

The dentist can help you choose the exact treatment for you:

Nonsurgical treatments

The dentist will fist begin with dental cleaning for scrapping off the tartar followed by prescribing antimicrobial mouth rinse.

Surgical pocket reduction

It will help in cleaning out the tartar in deep pockets and reduce the pockets. This will make it easier to clean pockets and prevent infections from recurring in future.

Bone and tissue grafts

If the periodontal disease has led to loss of bone or gum tissues, the dentist will recommend tissue and bone grafts apart from surgical pocket reduction.

What is the outlook for periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease can risk your overall health as it can lead to conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and respiratory issues. Periodontal treatments are effective and offer long term results if maintained properly.